AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION (AMD)
Age-related macular degeneration is the most common cause of blindness in patients older than 65. Symptoms include blurry, distorted vision, difficulty reading, and glare. Treatments includes vitamins and medication injections.
DIABETIC RETINOPATHY (DR)
Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of vision loss in the working age population and may cause irreversible vision loss if untreated. All diabetic patients should receive an annual dilated eye exam. Treatments may include medications, laser treatments, or surgery.
RETINAL DETACHMENT (RD)
Retinal detachment occurs when the retina separates from the eye wall. Symptoms include flashes of light, floaters, and loss of peripheral vision. Treatment is surgery.
RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION (RVO)
Retinal vein occlusion causes blurry vision from a swollen vein. Treatment may include medication injections and laser procedures.
HYPERTENSIVE RETINOPATHY (HTN)
Hypertensive retinopathy is caused by elevated blood pressure. Symptoms include headache, blurry vision, floaters or flashes of light.
EPIRETINAL MEMBRANE (ERM)
Epiretinal membrane is a thin film that can form on the surface of the retina. It causes blurry vision and distorted vision. Treatment is surgery.
MACULAR HOLE (MH)
Macular holes can form in the retina causing vision loss. Treatment is surgery.
FLOATERS & POSTERIOR VITREOUS DETACHMENT (PVD)
Floaters in the vision look like spots, cobwebs, rings, or flies and can be a symptom of a retinal tear or retinal detachment.
Uveitis is a term that describes inflammation in the eye. Uveitis can cause red eye, pain, blurry vision and floaters. Specific tests are sometimes ordered and treatments with medications can improve symptoms.
Choroidal Nevus is increased pigmented cells that form in the eye and should be monitored for signs of growth. Rarely, a nevus can transform into a melanoma, which is a serious form of cancer.