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What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a group of eye disorders that can damage the optic nerve, leading to vision loss and blindness if left untreated. It is often associated with increased intraocular pressure (IOP) within the eye.

Types of Glaucoma

There are two main types of glaucoma: Open-Angle Glaucoma (the most common) and Angle-Closure Glaucoma. Additionally, there are subtypes and secondary forms of glaucoma.

Risk Factors

Several factors increase the risk of developing glaucoma, including age, family history, certain medical conditions (like diabetes), and race. It’s essential to be aware of these risk factors and seek regular eye exams, especially if you’re at a higher risk.

Diagnosis of Glaucoma

Regular eye exams are crucial for detecting glaucoma early. These exams assess your eye health, visual acuity, and other important factors.

Intraocular Pressure Measurement

Measuring the pressure inside your eyes (IOP) is a key diagnostic tool. Elevated IOP can indicate potential glaucoma, but normal IOP doesn’t rule it out.

Visual Field Tests

Visual field tests assess your peripheral and central vision, helping to identify any areas of vision loss or abnormalities that could indicate glaucoma progression.

Optic Nerve Imaging

Advanced imaging techniques allow detailed examination of the optic nerve. Changes in the appearance of the optic nerve can be an early sign of glaucoma.

Common Treatments for Glaucoma

Eyedrops are often the first line of treatment, aimed at reducing intraocular pressure. Different types of eyedrops work through various mechanisms.

Laser Therapies

Laser procedures, like Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT), help improve fluid drainage from the eye, lowering intraocular pressure.

Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgery (MIGS)

MIGS procedures are less invasive than traditional surgeries and offer effective IOP reduction with quicker recovery times.

Traditional Surgery

In cases where other treatments are ineffective, traditional surgery, such as Trabeculectomy or a Glaucoma Drainage Implant, creates a new drainage channel for excess eye fluid.

Living with Glaucoma

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle can help manage glaucoma. Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and avoiding smoking are beneficial.

Regular Follow-ups and Monitoring

Glaucoma requires ongoing management. Regular follow-up appointments and adherence to treatment plans are essential for preserving vision.

Disclaimer: This webpage is intended for informational purposes only and does not replace professional medical advice. If you suspect you have dry eyes or are experiencing any eye-related symptoms, please consult with an eye care specialist for a proper evaluation and treatment plan.

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