WHAT IS A MACULAR HOLE (MH)?
Macular hole is a retina condition where a hole forms in the center of the retina. Macular hole causes blurry vision and central vision loss.
WHAT CAUSES A MACULAR HOLE?
Separation of the vitreous from the retina is the most common cause. The vitreous fluid normally is attached to the retina, but may separate and tear the retina. (see image above)
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF MACULAR HOLE AND CAN I GO BLIND WITHOUT TREATMENT?
Macular hole causes blurry vision and a blind spot in the center of vision. Outpatient surgery is successful in > 90% of patients with significant improvement in vision after surgery.
HOW DO YOU TREAT A MACULAR HOLE?
Macular hole is repaired with outpatient surgery under conscious sedation in most cases. The vitreous is removed and a gas bubble fills the eye. Patients stay in a face down position for several days after surgery which closes the hole.